There are several aspects of photography to apply when shooting. There are setting choices, the location, the subject you’re working with, and the rules to be applied compositionally. In this post we will be looking at 10 composition “rules” I like to apply to my photography. So let’s get into it!
- Rule Of Thirds; is probably the most used composition rule I apply when shooting. As you can see in the photo below the arrows point to the different thirds of the grid. You have the ‘top’ third, ‘bottom’ third, ‘left’ third, and lastly ‘right’ third. The idea is to get your subject on either of the corners or on the lines. Here are a couple examples of Rule Of Thirds.
2. Frame in a Frame; this is exactly what it sounds like. It is the framing of a subject with objects around captured in the photographic frame. The photograph below is so far my best example of ‘Frame in a Frame’.
3. Leading Lines; Personally I think this is one of the simpler composition rules to be applied in a photograph. It is simply having subjects/objects in your photo leading your eyes somewhere, either to another object/subject or out of frame. Below are some examples of leading lines.
4. Patterns & Textures; This is one of my favorites because it gives you the chance to look for something unique, fun and interesting. Patterns & Textures is exactly what it seems a series of patterns in an object and textures. When it comes to capturing textures I like to play around with different angles but keep the same object. Below is an example of Patters & Textures.
5. Rule of Odds; This one is pretty straight forward, your main subjects/objects are in odd numbers: 3, 5 & 7. This is ideal because it provides something for the viewer to look at, there will be something in the middle with an even number of subjects/objects on both sides. Thus, the Rule of Odds, below is an example of Rule of Odds.
6. Fill the Frame; Personally I think this can be perceived in different ways, how full exactly do you fill the frame for it to be considered ‘Fill the Frame’? I think it depends on how much you want the frame to be filled. Below are a couple examples of Fill the Frame.
7. Negative Space; You know those photos that have no background? They look like they were shot on a blank canvas or at an upward angle with a clear sky behind it. That is considered to be negative space. No depth of field, no bokeh, no subject/object in the back. Below are a couple examples of Negative Space.
8. Angles & Perspectives; To be honest this one kind of makes me laugh. You know when you see photographers in really weird positions? Squatting, laying on the ground, holding their camera in very precarious situations. Yeah, that’s Angles & Perspectives, no matter how awkward or weird you do it for the shot. Below are some examples of Angles & Perspectives.
9. Simplicity & Minimalism; Now these technically could be considered the same thing. The difference is that minimalism would contain as little as possible objects/subjects, such as instead of using the rule of odds like shown above, instead of using multiples of something using only one. Simplicity can have multiple subjects/objects, the difference is that multiples of something can still look simplistic just not minimalistic. Below are a few examples of Simplicity & Minimalism.
10. Symmetry; This is one I have found to be difficult. Symmetry is where there is a ‘perfect’ replication on either side of the frame. When you look at a photo and you can evenly “cut” it in half and it would look evenly like the other side. That is what ‘Symmetry’ looks like. When it comes to shooting symmetry my OCD usually kicks in. Out of the 7 years I’ve been doing photography I have captured ONE symmetrically pleasing photo in my opinion. Below is an example of Symmetry.
Go follow my social media accounts and to stay updated on future posts and news to come!